Scorpions



Common Name:
Scorpion

Type: Bug

Family: Arachnida

Costa Rica: If you’re reading this, you’re probably wondering about scorpions in Costa Rica and if any of them are dangerous. The answer is NO, none of the twelve species of Costa Rica scorpions are deadly. The sting is quite mild of all but one of them, which is quite painful, but not really worse than a wasp. Most of them hurt less than a bee. Some people report the sting feeling almost like an electric jolt. Other say it makes their lips numb and tingling. One mantra about Costa Rican scorpions is, “You’ll be afraid of them until you get stung, then you won’t worry anymore.” So really, what’s the big deal about scorpions if their sting is no worse than a bee or wasp? Many people have a primitive fear of them, due to the fact that some scorpions, in other countries can be quite dangerous. But in Costa Rica, relax… they’re just not that bad here.

Range: Scorpions are found in just about all parts of the world other than Antarctica. Scorpions are very common in all parts of Costa Rica and Cocos Island. Several National parks of Costa Rica are having different kinds of Scorpions. Such as Children’s Eternal Rainforest, Monteverde National Park, La Amistad International Park, Juan Castro Blanco National Park and Chirripó National Park. It also found several parts of Honduras and Nicaragua. It is apparently less common in other parts of its range.

Size: The Scorpions have an average size of 2.5 in (6 cm); Largest, 8.3 in (21 cm)

Weight: Their weight can be up to 30 grams (pregnant females can weight over 50 gram).

Diet: They are Carnivore, they eat insects and other arthropods, vertebrates like snakes, small lizards, and mice but they can change their eating habits into the difficult conditions. Hey have the abilities to slow down their metabolism rate enabling them to use minimum oxygen and they can survive on a single insect each year.

Average life span: They can live from 3 to 8 years.

Habitat: Scorpions can survive in most all habitats. Most scorpions can be found in Dry desert, grassland, savanna and tropical jungles and semi-arid regions. They can be found in sheltered area s In the forest of Costa Rica, They are also available in damp, cave and several individual dwelling spaces.

Breeding/Reproduction: It takes a year for a baby scorpion to become an adult. Female scorpions give birth to live young and look after them by carrying them around on their back. Scorpion gestation periods vary from many months to one and a half year, depending on the species. Each clutch will consist of about 24-35 young. They are viviparous. The little scorpions are born two at a time, climbing onto mother’s back to be carried about two weeks, when they will be large and strong enough to take care of themselves.

Scorpions are eight-legged venomous invertebrates. It is belonging to the Arachnida class, and the order Scorpiones. They are closely related to spiders, ticks, mites, and harvestmen plus other members of the Arachnida class. They have an extended body and a segmented, erectile tail ending with the sting. There are approximately 1,300 species of scorpions worldwide, and over 70 species of scorpions are available in the United States. Only one of the species, the bark scorpion, is considered dangerous to humans. It is the most venomous scorpion in the U.S. Most scorpions prefer dry climates, warm weather.

Scorpions are each and every Arachnid under the order of Scorpionida. Some scorpions grow up to ½ inch to 6 inches (1-15 cm) in length, but ordinarily they measure from 1 inch to 3 inches (2.5-7.6 cm) long. They are distinguishable for their curved stinger at the end of their tail which is venomous. Usually, they are located in hot or warm environment.

Being nocturnes, Scorpions hide when there is sunlight and go out at night to eat, preferably devouring on other arthropods.

Their head or the prosoma is protected by a thick layer called carapace. Their segmented body or the opisthosoma is portioned into thick mesosoma and compressed metasoma that extends up to the sting. There are twelve appendages (called chelicera) found in the head which are little and look like pincers. These appendages are used to divide their food into smaller portions for them to swallow.

Scorpions also do have large appendages named pedipalps, these come with strong pincers for their gripping the prey and then soon paralyzed with their sting. As for any arachnid, scorpions have eight legs.

Scorpion stings are not dangerous to humans but can be very painful. Derived from the Greek word Adroctonus (man-killer) and the Latin word australis (south), the Adroctonus australis (southern man-killer) is an exception for its sting can kill a human in six to seven hours if not treated. They are commonly found in the Sahara Desert. Another is Centruroides from Mexico, which was reportedly victimized several people, a number of which are children. Convulsions are caused by the scorpion neurotoxin which results to respiratory or cardiac failures.

Scorpions have complicated courting before mating. Males start to locate their significant other by identifying through the use of pheromones and vibrational communication. Once satisfaction is achieved, mating can start. Sexual reproduction is done by transferring spermatophore of a male to the female. Young scorpions are carried by the mom for a certain period of time then leaving it after the first shedding. A scorpion takes a year to mature.

Scorpions’
diet includes crickets (for smaller scorpions) and rodents or even lizards (for bigger scorpions).

Scorpions are delicacies in Shandong, China and generally included in medicine. People also keep them as exotic pets.

Interesting Facts about Scorpion

The most dangerous scorpion is the “Deathstalker” which is common in Middle East and North Africa.

Scorpions glow when exposed to an ultraviolet light that is due to fluorescent chemicals in the cuticle.

Scorpions do not bite, they “sting.”

During matting the scorpions grab the pincers and execute a dance called the “promenade à deux.”

Over 1500 species of scorpions worldwide are available.

Arizona and California have the most varieties of scorpions and they are about 60 species.

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