Though Costa Rica is a small country wedged between two continents, it is considered as one of the richest bio-diverse country in the world. Tropical Rainforests are often referred to as “Jewels of the earth” and these rainforests are home to two-thirds of all the living species of animals and plants on the world. By taking help from a local naturalist guide, you can enjoy discovering the amazing world within the rainforest. Flanked by miles of beaches on the Pacific and the Caribbean, Costa Rica is commonly known for its world renowned beachfront and cascading coastline but the interior is alush tangle of rainforest, mist-veiled mountains, active volcanoes and habitat for some of the greatest biodiversity on earth. Lush and green throughout the year, this country is a great place for the nature lovers.
Rainforests of Costa Rica can be categorized into tropical rainforest, tropical dry forest and cloud forest. In this country the tropical rainforests are the most common habitat and the coulforests boast amazing sights to see and also include volcanoes, mountains and has mysterious fogs as well as exotic vegetation. If you want to see the stunning beauty of the tropical rainforests, you will have to travel through the southwest of the country and also the Atlantic lowlands.
In Costa Rica rainforests you will find a variety of species of wild animals including mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects and birds that make it one of the most productive and intense ecosystems in the world. In Costa Rica rainforests trees can grow up to 100 feet tall and absorbs about 90% of the rain forest’s photosynthesis. There are also thousands of different species of smaller trees.
If you go to the North Pacific coast, you can enjoy watching the amazing beauty of the tropical dry forests. Those dry forests are not as diverse as the rainforests as they receive much less rain. These dry forests evoke a wonderful ecosystem with a wide variety of flowers and trees. Here goes some of the most popular rainforest, coudforest and dryforest places of Costa Rica:
The Arenal Volcano National Park made up mostly of primary rainforest. It harbors a tremendous amount of flora and fauna and it encompasses four different life zones. 850 species of bird species are recorded in Costa Rica and 75% of the total can be found in Arenal Volcano rainforest. There are also a variety of wild animals including white-faced capuchin monkeys, sloths, deer, coati and snakes, including the infamous fer-de-lance, parrot snake and boa constrictor. In this rainforest you will also find different species of plants including laurel, guayabo de monte, orchids, cirri, palms, ferns, heliconias and bromeliads.
Boasting world-class views and beaches, Manuel Antonio is nestled high above the enchanting national park. Several kilometers of very well maintained trails are offered by Manuel Antonio and that have easy accesses the the lowland rainforest of Costa Rica. Near the entrance of the rainforest there is a small area of mangroves that boasts three species, buttonwood, red and white. Manuel Antonio is home to over 350 species of birds. Red backed squirrel monkeys (mono tití) are a big attraction of this area.
Due to its cultural allure, tropical vegetation, amazing white-sand beaches and easy accessibility to the national parks make the Puerto Viejo a popular tourist destination. If you visit the Gandoca-Manzanillo National Wildlife Refuge and Cahuita National Park, you can get the chance to watch the stunning wildlife of the region. You can go for a full day jungle adventure tour and enjoy hiking up the river in a gorgeous rainforest environment.
Positioned in Puntarenas, Monteverde is considered as one of the major tourist destination in CostaRica. This misty and cloudy small town is popular for its numerous reserves and amazing rain and cloud forests.
Situated in Carara National Park and Manuel Antonio National Park, Central Pacific’s rainforests are perfect combination of wonderful white sand beaches and exotic tropical forests.
Guanacaste National Park:
Located in the northern Costa Rica, Guanacaste National Park is a part of the Area de Conservación Guanacaste World Heritage Site. This park was created to make a corridor between the rain forest and dry forest areas.